STROKE (BRAIN ATTACKS) Prevention
Pakistan is among the top 10 populous country in the world with an estimated population 200,813,818 in 2018. There are no sizable community based epidemiological studies on stroke from Pakistan. Stroke is the third most common cause of death and first leading cause of disability in developed countries and developing countries. According WHO 5.5 million people died of stroke in 2002 and roughly 20 % of these deaths occurred in Asia.
Strokes are brain attacks. A stroke occurs when a blood supply to the brain is interrupted or is reduced or blocked that deprives the brain tissue of oxygen and important necessary nutrients. Within a minute brain cell begins to die.
It is a medical emergency that needs immediate medical attention. Good news is that stroke cam be treated or it can be prevented. Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in US Sates. Nearly about 800,000 people on annual basis have exposed to this tragic event. That is equal to about one person every 40 seconds.
The different type of strokes have different causes. However, stroke is more likely to affect people if they have the following risk factors:
• being overweight
• being aged 55 years or older
• a personal or family history of stroke
• an inactive lifestyle
• a tendency to drink heavily, smoke, or use illicit drugs
The best prevention strategy is to know the underline etiological risk factors, following your doctor’s advice and adopting a healthy lifestyle as the best steps to prevent a stroke. The best way to prevent a stroke is to address the underlying causes. The best way achieved through lifestyles changes, including:
• Taking healthy diet
• Maintaining a healthy weight
• Say no to tobacco
• Regular physical exercise
To take nutritious diet referred to a diet including plenty of vegetables, fruits and all those grains, nuts legumes and seeds. This diet also includes little use of or no use of red meat and processed meat. Cholesterol intake should be limited and saturated fats. Salt intakes should be minimized in a support to maintain a healthy blood pressure.
Other Medical measure should be taken to reduce the risk of stroke:
• Control Diabetes Mellitus
• Treating sleep apnea
• Keeping blood pressure under control
As well as these lifestyle changes, a doctor can also reduce the risk of future ischemic strokes in higher risk individuals by prescribing anticoagulants and anti-platelet medications.
While in a repeated stoke individual, arterial surgery can also be used to lower the risks of repeat strokes as well as some other medical and surgical options still are being under studies.